How to Write a Research Paper in APA format

Notice that the first sentence is in the past tense while the second sentence is in the present tense. how to start a quote Photographs are simple to find, and because of this, many students enjoy using them in their papers.

  1. Then you would cite research that shows how prejudice is related to variables more closely related to travel experience (e.g., contact with members of other ethnic groups).
  2. Indicate methodological integrity, quantitative validity and reliability and mixed methods validity or legitimacy.
  3. Below you will find an example of an accurately formatted APA Style student paper.
  4. The title page, or APA format cover page, is the first page of a paper or essay.
  5. Begin a new section with the Method and use this word as the subtitle.
  6. In this handout from the APA, they distinguish between word plagiarism and idea plagiarism, as well as discuss “patchwriting.” You can find the handout here.

In the case of a scientific research paper, the body will begin with the Method. All main headings of the body should be centered and in boldface. Albeit the Method section is quite straightforward, it must be precise and comprehensive introducing quotations to ensure that any other researcher can replicate the method used in the research paper exactly. The Method section can further be divided into Participants, Materials (and/or Apparatus), and Procedure sections.

Cite Right in APA

The principal reason psychologists conduct research is to gain knowledge and enhance our understanding of the mind and behaviour. When research findings also have practical implications, this benefit usually takes place in a different setting than that in which the study was conducted. Limitations on generalizing beyond these settings thus also 1984 essay constitute limitations on the practical usefulness of research findings. A similar argument applies to generalizing beyond particular samples and beyond particular operational definitions. Once a researcher has analyzed and described the results of an experiment, the next obligation is to draw appropriate conclusions from those findings.

apa style research report

If a note is added, it should clearly explain the content of the figure. Include any reference information if it’s reproduced or adapted.

Reference page

Keep the font at 12-point size and use single or double spacing. If you use single spacing in one table, make sure all of the others use single spaces as well. Only use graphics if they will supplement the material in your text. If they reinstate what you already have in your text, then it is not necessary to include a graphic.

In article, we talked about the differences between formats. I’ve worked for the past eight years as a content editor, creative writer, and professional essay writer. Every day, I work hard to make sure my clients are satisfied with the projects and papers I write for them.


If you’re having difficulty identifying the type of source you’re using, consult a librarian. APA recommends that you use the most up-to-date research you can find on your topic. However, the meaning of up-to-date will vary depending on the field.

apa style research report

Figures can also be used to illustrate theories (e.g., in the form of a flowchart), display stimuli, outline procedures, and present many other kinds of information. Tables are numbered in the order that they are first mentioned in the text (“Table 1,” “Table 2,” and so on). Figures are numbered the same way (“Figure 1,” “Figure 2,” and so on). A brief explanatory title, with the important words capitalized, appears above each table. Each figure is given a brief explanatory caption, where only the first word of each sentence is capitalized. More details on preparing APA-style tables and figures are presented later in the book. Is appropriate for supplemental material that would interrupt the flow of the research report if it were presented within any of the major sections.

Writing a Research Report in APA Style

The title should be centered and in boldface and should be one or two lines long. The title can contain uppercase and lowercase letters.

  1. List the references alphabetically according to the citation.
  2. Each academic discipline has its own rules for citing ideas and words borrowed from other writers and researchers.
  3. This paper is a guide to writing a general paper in according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.
  4. Some branches of The Library have copies of this handbook in their reference collection, meaning you can only use it when you are in that library.
  5. Make sure to put all of this information in parentheses.
  6. However, to be most effective, keywords should be a concise summary of your paper’s content.
  7. Don’t put your readers to sleep by beginning your paper with the time-worn sentence, “Past research has shown ” They’ll be snoring within a paragraph!

This template was created by Regis College Library librarians. Start the reference list after the body of the paper, on a new page, with the word Referencesbolded and centered at the top. While page headers are no longer needed for student papers (no more Running head!), each page should be numbered in the header, flush right. Here are a few research paper examples to help you cite sources on your reference page.

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If there is only one, the heading is “Appendix,” centered at the top of the page. If there is more than one, the headings are “Appendix A,” “Appendix B,” and so on, and they appear in the order they were first mentioned in the text of the report. If you’re citing an article that was published in a periodical or as part of an edited book, don’t put the title in quotes or italics. Capitalize only the first letter of the first word in the title, as well as any proper nouns. Findings section typically includes sections on qualitative findings, quantitative results and mixed methods results.

How do you write APA format?

  1. All text should be double-spaced.
  2. Use one-inch margins on all sides.
  3. All paragraphs in the body are indented.
  4. Make sure that the title is centered on the page with your name and school/institution underneath.
  5. Use 12-point font throughout.
  6. All pages should be numbered in the upper right hand corner.

No space should be placed after em dashes and no space should be applied on either side of an en dash. In most cases, the APA style follows universal punctuation and grammar average essay length rules. In addition to this need for easy replication is a desire for uniformity in discussing results. The amount of psychological research is growing rapidly.

How to Use References in APA

In the meantime, I hope this overview has been helpful to those of you transitioning from MLA Style to APA Style. If you’re new to APA Style, the Publication Manual and this blog are your go-to resources. If you can’t find what you’re looking for after checking those resources, feel free to contact APA Style directly via e-mail or find us on Facebook and Twitter. Formats such as APA serve as an essential element in the field of academia.

  1. Because the abstract is usually limited to about 200 words, it can be a challenge to write a good one.
  2. The institutional affiliation is the school the author attends or the location where the author conducted the research.
  3. It is different from other types of studies in that it isn’t based on theories or ideas, but on actual data.
  4. Then list page numbers of the article you reference in your paper.
  5. You can replace the author with the name of the organization which wrote or authored the paper.
  6. Although it does not include the raw data—individual participants’ responses or scores—researchers should save their raw data and make them available to other researchers who request them.
  7. It includes information on how to conceptualize, outline, and format the basic structure of your paper, as well as practical tips on spelling, abbreviation, punctuation, and more.

Additional examples are provided for electronic versions of the above. A set of guidelines when writing a piece essay outline high school of literature not only makes the organization of arguments easier but also enables better readability.

Research Paper Basics: APA Style

Include a double-spaced blank after the title – This is important for separating the title from the byline and all the subsequent lines. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. ​Use the last name of the first author followed by «et al.»

Note the title of the publication in which the paper appears. If you’re citing an article that was published in an academic journal, follow the title of the article with the title and volume number of the journal, followed by the page numbers. The literature review articles/papers provide a summary of existing how long should essays be research and its findings or theories. Devote separate sections to the qualitative data analysis, the quantitative data analysis, and the mixed methods analysis. At StudyClerk, we have an extensive team of brilliant writers who specialize in a wealth of fields and hold Ph.D. and Master’s degrees.

Abbreviation dos and donts in APA Format

While some may differ slightly in minor areas, the APA style is the accepted format for publication. Here are some writing tips for APA-style research papers. Write a research summary – Use the “Abstract” section as the overview of everything you’ll discuss. Write a one-sentence introduction to interest the readers in the topic and the main idea. Explain your methodology, and include the most relevant details of your study. You don’t need to cite information about yourself or your own thoughts.

  1. If there are multiple authors, list them by last name and then their initials, separated by a comma.
  2. If two sources have the same first author, they are listed alphabetically by the last name of the second author.
  3. Examples of information included in an author’s note include an ORCID iD number, a disclosure, and an acknowledgement.
  4. In our alligator story example, the word of the secondary source, your cousin, ended up not being too trustworthy, and that’s why we shied away from citing it.
  5. The entire paper should be written in the past tense, in a 12-point font, double-spaced, and with one-inch margins all around.

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